Achieving the EU's climate change and energy policy objectives for 2020 will require a major transformation of the EU and national electricity infrastructure.
The need to develop energy planning systems that allow energy infrastructures to be managed in an eco-compatible and sustainable way becomes a fundamental prerogative.
SARDINE responds to this need for smart grid design by aiming to create a Web-based decision-support application that, through a tool, allows to increase the effectiveness of the analysis during the design of new smart grids or retrofitting of solutions to be improved.
SARDINE for this purpose integrates different methodologies including: the Geographic Information System (GIS), the Multicriteria Optimization (OM) and the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA).
Specifically, the functionalities of each methodology include:
- The GIS system will be used to gather, collect and present data and geographical constraints through the WBDSA.
- The LCA methodology will allow the processing of social, economic and environmental data and constraints.
- Multi-criteria optimization will provide the mathematical basis for assessing and providing the smart grid designer with the best options based on the requirements expressed. Optimization models can support decisions that minimize costs and negative impacts on the environment.
The WBDSA will be tested using as a case study different areas of the metropolitan city of Cagliari, this application approach will make clear the benefits of the Tool and the results will be used as an example in the market access phase.