Many of our visual computing technologies have been incorporated over the years into real-time simulators for various purposes.
In 2005, a cataract surgery simulator with visual and tactile feedback was developed for surgical training. The simulator has been used in several training courses in Italy. The images shows a cataract surgery simulator with visual and tactile feedback, developed in the early 2000s for surgical training.
This work on surgical simulator led to several scientific publications.
In particular, an the first simulator of mastoidectomy with haptic and visual feedback was presented in the following articles:
- Marco Agus, Andrea Giachetti, Enrico Gobbetti, Gianluigi Zanetti, and Antonio Zorcolo. A multiprocessor decoupled system for the simulation of temporal bone surgery. Computing and Visualization in Science, 5(1): 35-43, 2002.
- Marco Agus, Andrea Giachetti, Enrico Gobbetti, Gianluigi Zanetti, and Antonio Zorcolo. Real-time Haptic and Visual Simulation of Bone Dissection. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 12(1): 110-122, February 2003.
The work on cataract surgery is described here:
- Marco Agus, Enrico Gobbetti, Giovanni Pintore, Gianluigi Zanetti, and Antonio Zorcolo. Real Time Simulation of Phaco-emulsification for Cataract Surgery Training. In Workshop in Virtual Reality Interactions and Physical Simulations (VRIPHYS 2006), November 2006.
In the following years, many other solutions and applications followed.